Literary historians have deliberately ignored Imam Ahmad Raza Barelvi
When it comes to the beginning of modern Urdu prose, making it the language of expression of scientific topics and promoting it, readers of Urdu prose, compilers and authors of Urdu books, students of Urdu all say that modern Urdu prose is the beginning of modern Urdu prose. Syed Ahmad Khan has given birth, he has nurtured it through “Tehbih-ul-Akhlaq” and he has made this language capable of fulfilling all kinds of demands and he and his companions have created it. – There was a circle of writers around Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, in which there were historians, researchers, critics, poets, psychologists, chroniclers, novelists, and translators. There were also biographers, and also clerics, so Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and his friends wrote on every subject and Urdu continued to gain promotion, but it is not the case that Urdu prose owes its development to his pen. Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Qadri and Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s writings are almost the same, but historians of literature have completely ignored Imam Ahmad Raza Khan – whatever the reason may be, it needs to be rectified now –
It is said that before Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Urdu prose was in the grip of Arabic and Persian languages and the purpose of writing this prose was to show off one’s ability rather than to convey the meaning, which also created the flaw of ambiguity. This prose was only for the work of short stories, academic demands could not be expressed in them, writing simple and bare prose was considered less scholarly, while this prose later proved to be very suitable and appropriate for academic works.
The current scholarly prose is not the invention of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. If we consider the evolution of Urdu prose, then the name of Badshah Shah Alam Secondi comes first among the simple writers, whose author, Ujab al-Qasas, is the first of simple writing in Urdu. For example, Badshah Shah Alam II was blind, he could only spell, however, the style in this prose is anyone’s, the beginning of simple writing is from here, but its scope was limited to short stories, then Miraman’s, This book is written in lively and charming prose, but it is also a story-
The person who first gave language to scientific topics was Ghalib, he explained some scientific matters in his letters – as if Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was not the inventor or founder of modern prose, but Maza Ghalib – however, among the promoters. The names of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and his friends are worth mentioning – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was born in 1817 AD, when he reached the age of fifty, he wrote, Jam Jam, Causes of Revolt of India, Tarikh Sarkshi Bajnoor. , and also issued the Aligarh Institute Gazette, but even in his prose there is nothing to identify him – at the very end of 1870 AD, when he issued the magazine, Tehbih-ul-Akhlaq. The way for the promotion of modern prose was also paved, he wrote many articles for this magazine, at that time almost everyone’s language was free from the influence of Arabic and Persian, it inspired others and also strengthened simple writing.
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was born in 1856 AD and he took up the pen at the age of fourteen or fifteen years. Therefore, it is undoubtedly modern prose – one of his works in Urdu, Muaybar al-Talib fi Shiwan Abi Talib, was written in 1877 according to 1294 AH, and another, Murtaji Al-Jabat Ladaa al-Imwat, was also written around the same time. went, but probably none of the two could be published, thus the period of modern prose writing of both of them is almost the same, the difference was that the works of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan continued to appear in public and all of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan The works have not been published till now, sacred prose was written even before Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, Deccan’s efforts cannot be called modern prose, so it would not be unreasonable to say that the work of promoting modern scientific prose of Urdu. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and Imam Ahmad Raza Khan did it, but the name of one of them became famous and the other remained a master. Umm Ahmad Raza Khan Qadri’s Urdu works have not yet been enumerated, they are undoubtedly hundreds and cover thousands of pages – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan also wrote a lot Hali, Shibli, Nazir Ahmad, and other works of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Rafqa also wrote a lot, among his contemporaries Munshi Muhammad Hussain Azad was not behind him, but the works of these few authors are not equal to the works of Imam Ahmad Raza, so even if the number of pages is seen, even Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Qadri’s rank is higher than Sir Syed Ahmad Khan – If you consider the situation, you will know that as much as Imam Ahmad Raza wrote in the sciences alone, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and all his companions did not do as much in the sciences. , rather, he did not even do half of it in the sciences, then also see that the prose of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and his contemporaries is lively, but every critic of Sir Syed says that Sir Syed Ahmad Khan also used the rules of language to convey the meaning. They used to be cleaned, or they would sacrifice the health of the language for the sake of meaning. Shibli’s comparison of Anis and Dabeer marked the mistakes of the language. Maulvi Nazir Ahmad’s work, Imhat Ulama, caused praise to be turned into denigration due to misuse of idioms and the volumes of the book were burned at the crossroads – Finding the Shortcomings of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Qadri Although some people is the motto of his life, if he does not find any mistake or shortcoming, then he advertises the right thing as wrong, but no mistake, idiom, rule or style error has been identified in his prose-
Now consider another aspect! Hali’s prose is undoubtedly very lively, the color of Shibli’s prose draws the heart, if you look at the beauty and attraction, it is difficult to find an answer to Munshi Muhammad Hussain Azad’s prose, although Mehdi Afadi’s work is small, but what he wrote Literature has the status of Al-Alia, now also see how these people used to write, keep, and correct again and again, cut and cut some sentences and paragraphs many times, the prose of Munshi Muhammad Hussain Azad. There are such evidences, those who write prose know that the text written once is written again and again for the purpose of bringing beauty and charm and for the sake of meaning even until the time of printing. The process continues, such evidence has been found about European writers too, so did Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri also do the same, think and consider where he had so much time, the person who wrote so much. Where could he find so much time? He used to make two, three or three people spell out the contents at a time, and he translated the Holy Quran as if he was on the move. That there is any incoherence in the sentences or any swing in the text, that he did not write long and long essays, did not make an outline in advance, did not start writing a plan, then he continued to write and did justice to the subject on which he took the pen. There is not even a small thing left that has not been written, then read it, it seems that before writing each magazine, the books must have been turned upside down for weeks, months, first, what would have been done, then the draft was prepared after fine tuning. In this way, it may take months to write a magazine, but a person who thinks like this keeps thinking that the average time of writing a magazine is only a few days. Was as much as they have done? no way-
If you search, in the history of Urdu literature, there is only one person who has written such a pen, and that was Pandit Ratnath Sarsar Sahib Fasana Azad, but he was a male field of fiction and there was a lot of incoherence here. Other than this one example is impossible, now just think about this quality and while keeping an eye on the quantity and quality, tell us who is such a prose writer in Urdu who can be compared to him? Imam Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholar of Arabic and Persian languages, then in Shari’ah issues, work cannot be done without Persian and Arabic words. that religious issues cannot be written purely in Urdu, then Imam Ahmad was a great scholar of Arabic, Persian and Urdu, so he knew where the Arabic word is more appropriate and where Urdu or Persian, so he used the word wherever It has been used as deemed appropriate and the requirement of eloquence is also the same.
Karimganj, Puranpur, Dist Pelibhait, UP