The Coming of Mustafa: Lessons of Nativity, Prophethood and Migration



The Coming of Mustafa: Lessons of Nativity, Prophethood and Migration

According to Sirat Ibn Hisham: Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (peace be upon him) was born on Monday, 12/Rabi al-Awwal according to 20/April 571 in Makkah. In the day, month and year, there is a consensus of the people! History is different. But the most popular and famous is 12/Rabi al-Awwal and accordingly the whole world organizes Eid Miladul Nabi in the above date and month. The Prophet’s birth name is Muhammad, in the Qur’an, Ahmad and his surname is Abul Qasim, while in the Qur’an, Hadith and books of history, the attribute names are Muzamil, Mudassar, Mustafa, Mujtabi, Rauf and Rahim, etc. He belonged to the famous and honorable Banu Hashim family of Quraysh tribe. According to the Arab tradition, he went to the custody of Dai Halimah and lived with her in the villages for about three to four years. Since he was deprived of fatherly kindness from the first day, he was brought up by Sayeda Amina and Mr. Abdul Mutalib. Done with great love and compassion. But when he was six years old, his mother Syeda Amina Dagh passed away. Two years after that, the very compassionate and kind grandfather Mr. Abdul Muttalib also passed away. Then he came under the guardianship and supervision of his uncle Mr. Abu Talib. The example of Mr. Abu Talib’s compassion and love for you is hard to find. It is reported that he gave more importance to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) than his children. Apart from this, as long as Mr. Abu Talib was alive, he never let any anger come upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and continued to do good with him even in the most difficult situations. He even tolerated the social boycott of the Arabs for the happiness of the Prophet (PBUH). When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) grew up, he was inclined towards trade and was called by the title of “Sadiq wa Amin” based on his good dealings and truthfulness of speech.

Because of this quality of yours, Hazrat Khadijah had Anas from you, and then one day she became your spouse. Both of you were married by Mr. Abu Talib. You had a total of eleven marriages. Except Hazrat Aisha, all the wives were either widows or divorced. The purpose of these marriages was that the Arab people should stop considering marriage to widows and divorced women as a handicap, women should not be considered as shoes for feet and these destitute women should have the opportunity to live with dignity in the society. Also, through them, the publication of Islamic teachings related to women could become common. Moreover, he was equally prominent in supporting the needy and the weak. This is the reason why despite all the disagreements, you participated with the Arabs in the matter of “Half al-Fazul”. Because in it, a compromise was passed in support of the weak and oppressed people, that no one in Makkah or outside of Makkah would be oppressed, if someone did that, all the people of Makkah would rise up against him. At the age of forty, the first revelation came to him and he declared his prophethood. As long as Mr. Abu Talib and Hazrat Khadija remained, he continued to preach the religion with carelessness, but after the death of both of them, he broke down and finally migrated to Madinah 13/ years after the declaration of Prophethood on the order of the Lord. He established an Islamic state in Madinah and introduced a system in front of the people of Dinah in which the difference between low, high, black, white, high and low was erased. There are many important things in the ten-year history of Madinah Munawarah, but it seems useful to mention only two things: one is the peace of Hudaybiyah and the other is the Treaty of Madinah. Human history is unable to provide examples of both. One in the case of the minority teaches the status of the agreement and sticking to it and the other in the case of the majority gives the message of having matters like welfare with his subordinates. In the year 10 Hijri, he performed Hajj and delivered his last sermon in front of a hundred thousand people and gave the entire human community an invincible guide and priceless formula for success in life under the veil of Islam. Then in the same year, in the month of Safar, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came under the influence of Wasal disease and bid farewell to the mortal world in the month of Rabi al-Awwal.

Conclusion: Seen this way, the 63-year-old life of the Prophet (PBUH) is divided into three parts: First, the forty-year-old life consists of morals, secondly, the thirteen-year-old life consists of the publication of Mission Rabbani and the sufferings faced in this regard and its and the third ten-year Madani life consists of the implementation of the Islamic state and ideal governance, in which the entire human community is especially taken care of. Al-Akhir, no one can deny that for the success of any individual, it is necessary to be adorned with moral ornaments, to have the courage and courage to work patiently and patiently in the face of sufferings and blessings, and when he gains dominance and power. So, instead of cruelty and revenge, he should be forgiving and merciful, and he should treat everyone with welfare and justice, and his priceless and historical example is the life of Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa, may God bless him and grant him peace.

(Editor of Khizr Rah Monthly, Allahabad)


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